Şaibeli Bir Robin Hood Hikâyesi: Markalı Konut Projeleri ve Kent Alanlarının Kamu Eliyle Metalaştırılması

Özet

Kentsel alandaki eşitsizlikler 1970’lerde küresel neoliberal yeniden yapılanma sürecinin başlamasından bu yana artagelmiştir. Eşitsizlikteki bu artış etrafı çevrili yaşam alanlarıyla (anklav) birlikte görünür hale gelen kentsel alanın ayrışmasını hızlandırmaktadır. Konut anklavları birçok ülkede kentsel alanın bir üretim yolu haline gelmiştir. Bu küresel trendle birlikte 2000’li yılların başlarından itibaren, özellikle 2001 krizi sonrası Türkiye’de konut anklavlarının yeni bir versiyonu olan ‘markalı konut projeleri’ ortaya çıkmıştır Bu projeler özel firmalar ya da kamu-özel işbirliği ile belli markalar altında geliştirilip piyasadaki diğer ürünler gibi çeşitli pazarlama yöntemlerini kullanmaktadır. Devlet kurumlarının bu metalaştırılan ve pazarlanan konut projelerinin üretimindeki rolü neoliberal devletin uygulamalarını anlama açısından açıklayıcıdır. Bu makale, öncelikle Türkiye’de meydana gelen neoliberal kentleşme sürecinin genel değerlendirmesini yaparak, ikinci olarak projelerin ana özelliklerini tartışarak, son olarak da kamu kurumlarının bu tür projelerin oluşumundaki rolüne odaklanarak ve gelir paylaşımı modelini eleştirerek markalı konut projelerini Türkiye’de neoliberal devletin gelişmesindeki rolü çerçevesinde incelemektedir. Çalışma, böylelikle neoliberal devletin Türkiye’deki kentsel alanın metalaşmasındaki rolünü irdelemektedir.

Research Turkey’de yayınlanan tam metin için tıklayınız

Makaleyi şu şekilde referans vererek kullanabilirsiniz:

Serin B. (Temmuz, 2016), “Şaibeli Bir Robin Hood Hikâyesi: Markalı Konut Projeleri ve Kent Alanlarının Kamu Eliyle Metalaştırılması”, Cilt V, Sayı 7, s.06 – 19, Türkiye Politika ve Araştırma Merkezi (Research Turkey), Londra: Research Turkey (http://researchturkey.org/?p=12324&lang=tr)

Pages Bookstore-Cafe: A Place for Refugees by a Refugee

 

When you walk into his Pages Bookstore and Cafe, a labor of love that he designed and decorated over a painstaking six months, a sense of peace washes over you. There’s a nook for reading outside under the shade of trees, and the interior is warm and welcoming. I could curl up in a corner for hours reading to the tunes of the legendary Lebanese singer Fairuz with a steaming cup of coffee. It is like waking up in an alternate reality, a piece of the Levant transported into this corner of Istanbul. (bookriot)

Bookriot introduced us Pages Bookstore-Cafe in Istanbul. It is a place founded by a refugee, Samer al-Kadri, for refugees.

Pages provides a place where Syrian refugees can read books in Arabic as long as they like, and they can also borrow unlimited books for a small fee. But, more than that, the place presents them an atmosphere they miss a lot, a place which looks like their home country.

Check bookriot’s article for more.

Video

KEDi – @ Sheffield Doc Fest

“a documentary about what it’s like to be a Cat in Istanbul”

 

KEDi is not a documentary about house cats or the strays you occasionally see in your back yard. KEDi is a film about the hundreds of thousands of cats who have roamed the metropolis of Istanbul freely for thousands of years, wandering in and out of people’s lives, impacting them in ways only an animal who lives between the worlds of the wild and the tamed can. Cats and their kittens bring joy and purpose to those they choose, giving people an opportunity to reflect on life and their place in it. In Istanbul, cats are the mirrors to ourselves.

This week screening @ Sheffield Doc Fest if you happen to be around!

The Multi-Cultural Heritage of Anatolia – An Interactive Map

Anatolia is famous for its multicultural heritage.

Hrant Dink Foundation has recently published an online map, you can find more than 9000 heritage artefacts altogether.

The database is produced by using several archives and sources including Ottoman Archives as well as a fieldwork. For details check methodology and fieldwork.

This amazing work is a great contribution by making this collection accessible to general public. You can even use this as a travel guide and visit each one of them 😉

 

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Istanbul: The City with the Worst Congestion in the World

Istanbul has been ranked as the number 1 in traffic congestion by TomTom Traffic Index.

TomTom, the well-known navigation company, has released TomTom Traffic Index recently.

New TomTom data reveals rush hour traffic doubles journey times for commuters
TomTom analyses traffic congestion in over 200 cities around the world
TomTom’s annual Traffic Index measures the impact traffic congestion has on over 200 cities around the world, helping drivers, businesses and governments better manage congestion.
This year, the Index reveals that the evening rush hour is the most congested time of day on virtually every road network around the world. If you have to drive during rush hour, you can expect to spend double the time in the car, on average, stuck in traffic. (TomTom)

According to this index, Istanbul is the worst city in the world in terms of traffic congestion.

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Even more striking, people in Istanbul spend 110 extra hours in traffic in a year due to the congestion, and a journey which is supposed to take 30 minutes end up in Istanbul an hour.

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This clearly shows the alarming levels of traffic congestion in Istanbul, which I usually explain to my friends in the UK by saying `imagine London, without tube`.

Details can be found on TomTom’s website.

 

Happy Owners in Istanbul

Mother Earth just opened a real estate agency!

French artist Soazic Guezennec based in Mumbai, opens an interesting real estate agency at Studio-X. The artist designs imaginary real estate architecture using utopian discourses used in real estate ads. Guezennec’s works with their poetic yet tragic images, invite us to question our perception about the city and nature. The project, which advertises imaginary real estate projects appropriated by nature, was shown at Mumbai in 2013 for the first time. Soazic Guezennec’s Happy Owners exhibition will be at Studio-X Istanbul on May 22nd till July 3 th.

Soazic Guezennec turns the contradictory nature of the use of nature in real estate advertisements as a marketing elements in her work of Happy Owners. The artist started the series at Mumbai, and continues with Istanbul.

Artist’s works ridicule the instrumental use of nature in real estate advertisement, and also demonstrates how ridiculous the urban condition has become.

Image Credit: arkitera.com

For more details of the exhibitions:

Happy owners in Mumbai
Happy Owners in Istanbul

Istanbul, Candidate for Green Capital of Europe! Seriously!?

Istanbul is among the applicants to be 2017 Green Capital of Europe!

Considering the loss of green open spaces in the city, loss hectares of northern forests for the roads and the third bridge, and Gezi Resistance sparked on the demolishment of Gezi Park last year, it truely sounds like a joke for people who are familiar with the context.

Here is the condition of public open spaces in Istanbul together with a comparison with other global cities according to World Cities Culture Report 2013.

Resim1Percentage of Public Open Green Spaces (Public Parks and Gardens) within Urban Macroforms

Info Graphic by sunipeyk.com

The application comes at a time when the city’s authorities are clamping down on environmental protests while forging ahead with projects that threaten Istanbul’s few green spaces.
“It’s a joke,” said Oğuz Kaan Salici, the Istanbul chairman of Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP)

Read the full story here with reactions from activists here in Guardian article.

Mega Projects as ‘Artworks’ Raising On the Worker Deaths

An elevator plunged from the 32nd floor to the ground. 10 construction workers were killed in condo construction in Istanbul last month today. They were forgotten just in a week. The death toll at the construction site reveals the dark side of the building boom in Turkey and elsewhere. 

Sadly, this is only the tip of the iceberg of worker death in construction sites. During the first five months of 2014, 97 workers were killed in skyscraper construction sites in Turkey according to a report published by Izmir Medical Chamber (Gökdelenler için 5 ayda 100 kisi öldü! (in Turkish)). Since those deaths happen to be one by one in several constructions, they were not even in the daily news. 

Severity of this problem is more visible in well-known mega projects such as the construction works for Qatar’s FIFA World Cup 2022. According to Smithsonian, more than 900 workers have already died while constructing Qatar’s World Cup infrastructure.

The International Trade Union Confederation says that if conditions don’t improve, at least 4,000 migrants will die before kick-off.

4000 workers are expected to be dead!

Such cases present an alarming situation for the exploitation of workers, which obstructs the very human right – the right to live.

Some architects’ and engineers’ indifference to worker deaths in constructions of their ‘art works‘ is remarkably appalling, which makes them partners in crime. Here is Zaha Hadid’s response to the case of Qatar Stadium:

Zaha Hadid on Worker Deaths in Qatar: “It’s Not My Duty As an Architect”

“I have nothing to do with the workers,” she said. “I think that’s an issue the government – if there’s a problem – should pick up. Hopefully, these things will be resolved.” (Dezeen)

We all know what this means in plain English, “It is not my problem!“.