Inequality of housing provision is not new as being an urban issue. However, with the level of urbanization of our age, and with rising inequalities in urban space, the issue has become more visible all around the world while providing clues of the reasons behind it.
One example is the Ghost Estates of Ireland, where the building boom bursted with the crisis.
Built with visions of suburban prosperity in more optimistic times, the empty shells of former dream homes dot the countryside among piles of construction rubble and fallen-down fences. Economic highs and lows have led to abandonments of entire villages all over the world, from China to the Mediterranean, but Ireland is among the nations that was particularly hard-hit.
Image Credit: weburbanist
Image Credit: valérie anex
Photographer valérie anex documented the condition of Ireland’s ghost towns. Check here. These new built and sometimes unfinished estates presents picture of commodification of housing in our urbanised age. The pictures of the gost towns of Ireland also looks lik scenes from Truman Show, but it is a different story.
The story repeats itself in Spanish towns. La Muela is one of the ghost towns of Spain, which are the result of building boom and burst in Spain.
“There are so many empty houses; thank god people haven’t gone in like in the big cities, where there are squatters,” says Victor Canales, 49, as he gestures at a shuttered building across from his row house. Canales brought his family from Zaragoza to La Muela in 1999, attracted by the quality of life of the small town, which then had about 2,500 residents.
Or it repeats itself as an empty housing project near Madrid, Valdeluz.
The construction giant Reyal Urbis invested $1.6 million in the construction of Valdeluz—it would be their “jewel in the crown,” a dormitory town utopia 15 minutes from Guadalajara and less than an hour from Madrid—a place for the comfortable middle-class to rest and play and raise their children amidst lush greenery, away from the dirt, grime and clutter of the capital.
Image Credit: Newsweek
By 2013, there were new-built and unsold 750 000 housing units in Spain!
Another example for this excessive construction is the Chinese city of Ordos. Ordos presents a striking example of constructing for the sake constrcution. An empty new-built-city.
It’s been called the Dubai of northern China, showered with wealth, packed with public infrastructure and located near to precious natural resources in a region plagued by water-supply troubles. But the urban center of Ordos City, known as ‘Kangbashi New Area’, has been mostly deserted for five years. Kangbashi isn’t a ghost town due to economic issues, contamination or any other common cause of suchabandonment – the government simply can’t convince people to move there.
Image Credit: Michael Christopher Brown
The cases present different faces of commodification of built environment in our age.
The cities, estates, projects, … are built for the sake of construction. Space consumption may be the highest level in our century. In one hand, we have millions of empty houses; in the other hand, millions living unbearable conditions or on the streets. This embodied forms of inequality make the reasons behind the urban issues visible on the surface, and it is nothing to do with affordability and so on, but the commodification of built environment.